February 17, 2020

CORONAVIRUS (COVID19): Transmission, Prevention and Treatment…

In our previous publication we xray the defination, cause and symptoms of COVID19. We defined Coronavirus (Covid-19) as a virus identified as the cause of an outbreak of respiratory illness. Coronaviruses are transmitted between animals and people.

In this post, we are going to look at how the COVID19 is been transmitted, it’s preventive measures and available treatment.

TRANSMISSION OF THE CORONAVIRUS

The transmission of the 2019 nCoV coronavirus (Covid-19) still remains unclear. Scientists believe that transmission began from animals to humans, and then later developed to spread from humans to humans.

There are several suggested methods of transferring the coronavirus from human to human. The most common method for these types of virus to spread is through respiratory droplets from someone sneezing or coughing. That’s why a good respiratory mask can prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

Another method of transmission is transfer through feces. That means people with dirty hands from visiting the toilet passing the disease when they touch someone else or prepare food for others. That’s why you should wash your hands after visiting the bathroom EVERY TIME, regardless of why you went in there.

According to the Centre of Disease Control and Prevention,

Much is unknown about how 2019-nCoV (Covid-19), a new coronavirus, spreads. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that are common in many different species of animals, including camels, cattle, cats, and bats. Rarely, animal coronaviruses can infect people and then spread between people such as with MERSSARS, and now with 2019-nCoV.

Prevention

There is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this disease. However, as a reminder, CDC always recommends everyday preventive actions to help prevent the spread of respiratory diseases, including:

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Stay home when you are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces using a regular household cleaning spray or wipe.
  • Follow CDC’s recommendations for using a facemask.
    • CDC does not recommend that people who are well wear a facemask to protect themselves from respiratory diseases, including COVID-19.
    • Facemasks should be used by people who show symptoms of COVID-19 to help prevent the spread of the disease to  others. The use of facemasks is also crucial for health workers and people who are taking care of someone in close settings (at home or in a health care facility).
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after going to the bathroom; before eating; and after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
    • If soap and water are not readily available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. Always wash hands with soap and water if hands are visibly dirty.

Treatment

There is no specific antiviral treatment recommended for COVID-19. People with COVID-19 should receive supportive care to help relieve symptoms. For severe cases, treatment should include care to support vital organ functions.

People who think they may have been exposed to COVID-19 should contact their healthcare provider immediately.

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